The Choctaws in Oklahoma
From Tribe to Nation, 1855–1970
Published by: University of Oklahoma Press
Imprint: University of Oklahoma Press
Volume 2 in the American Indian Law and Policy Series
The Choctaws in Oklahoma begins with the Choctaws’ removal from Mississippi to Indian Territory in the 1830s and then traces the history of the tribe’s subsequent efforts to retain and expand its rights and to reassert tribal sovereignty in the late twentieth century.
As Clara Sue Kidwell tells it, the Choctaws’ story illuminates a key point in contemporary scholarship on the history of American Indians: that they were not passive victims of colonization and did not assimilate quietly into American society. Adapting to the very structures imposed on them by their colonizers, tribal politicians quickly learned to use the rhetoric of dependency on the government, but they also demanded justice in the form of fulfillment of their treaty rights. Adroitly negotiating with the United States, the Choctaws have created the Choctaw Nation that exists today.